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Saturday, July 13, 2013

TPPA - MiM SOKONG AMARAN TUN DR MAHATHIR !

Sebelum ini, Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) telah dikritik hebat kerana mengancam untuk menggabungkan elemen yang boleh berakhir di bawah rejim pemerintahan korporat songsang dan menyusahkan rakyat.


Manakala butiran rundingan TPP yang dijalankan secara rahsia akhirnya terbocor dan menyebabkan banyak pihak bangkit mempersoalkan kerasionalan TPPA.

Sebagai seorang doktor, MiM terpanggil untuk berkongsi amaran Doctors Without Borders/Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) bahawa akses kepada ubat-ubatan menyelamatkan nyawa akan terancam terutamanya di negara-negara membangun di dunia jika AS berkeras untuk melaksanakan dasar-dasar ketat harta intelek dalam Perjanjian Perkongsian Perdagangan Trans-Pasifik (TPPA).

Realitinya, perlindungan harta intelek dalam bidang perubatan akan mengekalkan harga yang tinggi dan akses yang terhad kepada rawatan, dan seterusnya tidak merangsang inovasi untuk pelbagai jenis penyakit di negara-negara membangun, di mana pesakit kurang kuasa membeli. Tambahan pula, ubat-ubatan generik yang berkualiti dan harga berpatutan adalah komponen penting dalam program rawatan.


BEWARE THE TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT! 
Should we be concerned about the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA)? 
If negotiations for the TPPA succeed they will create a mega-treaty across nine or more countries that puts a straightjacket on the policies and laws our government can adopt for the next century and give massive new powers to corporations. 
Which countries are involved in these negotiations? 
There are currently nine: the US and New Zealand, plus Australia, Brunei, Chile, Malaysia, Peru, Singapore, and Vietnam. Japan, Canada and Mexico are in the wings. 
When did negotiations begin and when are they expected to end?  
There have been numerous rounds since negotiations began in March 2010. They originally aimed to finish it in late 2011; now they say 2012 (… or 2014 or … never?) 

What could the TPPA affect? 
Almost every area of policy you can think of – and run roughshod over democracy, tino rangatiratanga and people’s sovereignty. 
What is in the proposed agreement? 
We don’t exactly know because the negotiations are secret and the only documents that are in the public domain have been leaked. Worse still, the nine governments agreed that none of the background documents will be released until four years after the negotiations end (or collapse), so we won’t be able to hold them accountable for any tradeoffs they make until they are no longer in power. 
What kind of policies could be targeted in the negotiations? 
We know from various sources that they include - stronger restrictions on foreign investments – tobacco control laws – restrictions on sale and manufacture of GMOs and labeling of GM foods – the Pharmac scheme for buying drugs and subsidies – the ability to reverse privatisations in the future – stronger regulation of mining – parallel importing, especially for music and computer programmes – Intellectual property protection in the digital media – hot money flows in and out of the country. 
If it covers all these things why is it described as a 'trade' agreement?  
That’s a clever branding exercise. This is really a charter of rights for foreign investors based in any of the TPP countries – think entertainment (Warners and Sony), pharmaceuticals (Merck and Pfizer), mining (RTZ and BP), tobacco (Philip Morris, BAT), retailers (Wal-Mart and Woolworths), finance sector (Merrill Lynch, Westpac, AIG, Macquarie, JP Morgan), agri- business (Cargill, Monsanto), private water operators (Bechtel, Veolia) and much more.
How would a TPPA give foreign investors special rights? 
The lax rules on foreign investment would be locked in for the indefinite future, except for a few areas the government excluded in the agreement. Foreign firms who might be affected by new laws would have to be consulted and the government would have to show how it had responded to their views. 

Foreign investors could sue the government for hundreds of millions of dollars for breaching their rights under the TPPA, for example by changing our laws in ways that affect their expected profits or share value. The case would be heard in a secretive international tribunal, not in our domestic courts. 
That sounds like Warners and the Hobbits on a massive scale! 
What happened there shows how much leverage these corporations already have. One powerful company could pressure the government to change our labour laws overnight — and get massive tax subsidies from a government that says there’s no money for health, early childcare, public transport, etc. … Imagine the ‘chilling effect’ if a mining or tobacco company threatened to sue the government under the TPPA if it went ahead with a law that affected their profits? There are lots of international examples where governments have caved in rather than trying to defend themselves through a long and expensive legal battle. 
So why would the government secretly sell out our tino rangatiratanga and sovereignty? 
Partly because they are true believers in free trade ideology. Partly because they think a TPPA can morph into an Asia-Pacific wide FTA that will spread their gospel to the new powerhouses that will dominate the 21st century. Partly to pander to the US in its moves to counter the influence of China.
What we can do about it and how can we find out more? 
Get the word around all your networks, facebook pages, websites and media Organise meetings and action around the TPPA Ask your MPs, local government and iwi leaders if they know what’s going on Demand the government holds an inquiry to bring the negotiations into the daylight.

Sila baca juga laporan di bawah :
Bekas Perdana Menteri Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad memberi amaran bahawa Perjanjian Perkongsian Trans-Pasifik (TPPA) adalah merugikan Malaysia dan menyifatkan TPPA sebagai "perkongsian yang tidak sama rata". 
"Apabila penyangak mata wang menyerang kita dengan tujuan untuk mendapatkan kawalan ke atas ekonomi kita, kita menentangnya kerana pada masa itu kita masih bebas.
"Tetapi selepas kita menandatangani TPPA, kaki dan tangan kita akan terikat. Tiada lagi kawalan modal. Kami akan dijajah lagi. Presiden Sukarno memang betul tentang neo-kolonialisme," tulis Mahathir dalam blog beliau semalam. 
Beliau menyifatkan TPPA sebagai "satu percubaan" Amerika Syarikat untuk membolehkan syarikat-syarikat besar mereka menembusi pasaran domestik negara-negara kecil, khususnya dalam perolehan kerajaan. 
Percubaan sebelumnya, menurut Mahathir, adalah melalui Perjanjian Am Mengenai Perdagangan dan Tarif (GATT), Pertubuhan Perdagangan Dunia (WTO) dan Kerjasama Ekonomi Asia Pasifik (Apec). 
"Mereka memperkenalkan perjanjian perdagangan bebas dua hala. Kemudian mereka mempromosi dunia global, dunia tanpa sempadan di mana wang mereka boleh masuk ke mana-mana, memusnahkan ekonomi dan kemudian tarik keluar. 
"Seandainya kita terlupa, mereka melakukan ini pada 1997/1998," katanya.
Sehubungan itu, Mahathir menggesa kerajaan persekutuan untuk menunjukkan ketelusan mengenai rundingan TPPA dan abaikan kata-dua supaya memuktamadkan rundingan mengenainya pada Oktober. 
Mahathir berkata, beliau tahu bahawa MITI sudah bersedia untuk bersetuju dengan TPPA dan tidak akan melayan hujah-hujah sebaliknya. 
Antara perjanjian sebelum ini yang berat sebelah, menurut Mahathir, ialah jualan air murah kepada Singapura sebanyak 6 sen bagi setiap 1,000 gelen sehingga tahun 2060, perolehan pesawat F/A-18 dengan fungsi yang terhad yang beliau sifatkan "alat permainan yang sangat mahal" dan bagaimana Perjanjian Perdagangan Bebas Asia (Afta) yang merugikan Proton. 
TPPA melibatkan sembilan negara - Amerika Syarikat, Australia, Brunei, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapura, dan Vietnam - yang mengadakan rundingan mengenai terma perjanjian itu secara rahsia. 
Berdasarkan apa yang diketahui melalui dokumen yang bocor, pengkritik memberi amaran bahawa perjanjian itu akan menyebabkan rakyat Malaysia membayar ubat-ubatan pada harga yang lebih mahal, menjejaskan undang-undang hak cipta dan tertakluk kerajaan persekutuan untuk tindakan undang-undang luar pesisir oleh syarikat-syarikat besar. 
Sabah akan menjadi tuan rumah untuk pusingan ke-18 rundingan TPPA. Ia akan diadakan di Sutera Harbour itu dari 15 Julai hingga 25 Julai - MK

4 comments:

  1. perbandingan kebodohan PM sekarang dgn bekas PM.
    Pm sekarang lebih cinabeng dari cina.
    PM dahulu cooooolllll.
    PM sekarang buta ekonomi atau buta perut.
    PM dulu cooooollllll.

    ReplyDelete

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